Isi Civil Affairs Agreement Pada Perang Surabaya

The arrival of the Allies and the Dutch at the beginning of independence After Japan`s surrender on August 15, 1945, he had to abandon his occupied territory. This meant that the colonies initially conquered by the Western nations had to be returned. In fact, Western countries still have the right to continue to govern their colonies first. With regard to Indonesia in particular, the Dutch have been preparing since April 1944 for indonesia`s renewal. Since this month, the Dutch and British governments have been in talks in London and Kandy. The negotiations resulted in what is known as the civil agreement. The civil agreement was a factor in the triggering of the Indonesian revolution during which the Indonesian revolution led to efforts to maintain the independence of the Republic of Indonesia. The battle triggered by the CAA or civil agreement was as follows: the Indonesian leader of Surabaya also asked President Sukarno to ask the British to remove the ultimatum. President Sukarno sent Foreign Minister Subardjo to speak to General Christison, but he failed. Finally, the central government provided the Surabaya government with the response to the ultimatum. At 22 .m, Governor Suryo rejected the British ultimatum on the radio. The government of Surabaya also expects the people and forces of the struggle to prepare for the British threat.

Previously, on 24 August 1945, a civil agreement was reached between England and the Netherlands. The agreement included the British will to help the Dutch restore power in Indonesia. The British included the Dutch Civil Administration of Indies (NICA) and Dutch troops when landing in Indonesia. Although they were pushed into the first day of fighting, Surabaya`s young men did not immediately give up and defended Surabaya for three weeks. Earlier, at 5 p.m., BKR Surabaya commander Sungkono invited elements of people`s power, namely the leaders of TKR, PRI, BPRI, TP, Special Police, BBI, PTKR and TKR Laut to meet at Marks BKR Kota Jalan Pregolan No. 4. The guests were Zarkasi of the Special Police, Bambang Kaslan, Ruslan Wijayasastra of PRI, the leaders of BPRI and BBI, TKR Jombang, TKR Sidoarjo and TKR Laut. Sungkono was elected defence commander. Bung Tomo gave a speech at the BPRI General Assembly in Surabaya on 20 May 1950. In 1945, Bung Tomo burned the minds of the people of Surabaya through radio broadcasts to join the fight against the British. Although the British agreed to master several objects according to their duties, they also occupied several important objects, such as the Great Post Office, the BPM Building, the Railway Center, the Automobile Center, the Internatio Building. In fact, the British also arrested several young people.

In addition, on 26 October, a field security train led by Captain Shaw stormed Kalisosok prison to free Captain Huiyer (NICA). The British also released Dutch prisoners in the Wonokitri complex. After the armed forces supporting the Republic of Indonesia “evacuated” eastern Indonesia on July 15, 1946, Australia officially surrendered the entire territory of Eastern Indonesia to the Dutch. The Netherlands wasted no time and, from 16 to 22 July, the Netherlands held the “Malino Conference” near Makassar, which was the precursor to the creation of the Eastern European State. What do you know about the civil affairs agreement? In order to expedite Japan`s Allied control, an agreement was reached between the United States and England in July 1945 at Potsdam, for Lieutenant-General Douglas MacArthur, commander of the South West Pacific Area Command, to immediately send his troops to Japan and cede command of the Netherlands territory to the Southeast Asia Command led by Vice-Admiral Lord Louis Mountbatten.